Our children and grandchildren may not have a chance to visit many of the most famous places around the world. War, weather, age, traffic and pollution damage these famous places. Looking after these places often costs more than one country can afford. ①
In the early 1970s, world governments decided that if they joined together, they would be able to preserve (保护) our history. If every country paid some money, they said, it would be possible to look after important historic places. Also, if they discovered that a monument needed urgent (紧急的) help, they would have money for repairs. For these reasons, countries around the world united to form the World Heritage Organization in 1972. Today, the organization helps to maintain (维护) and restore the most important places from our history.
However, one of the biggest problems for historic places is vandalism. People sometimes enter the sites and destroy or damage the buildings. At some sites, such as Stonehenge② in England, governments have built high fences to protect the site from vandals.
There are many different ideas about how to solve the problem of vandalism. Some experts say that if guards patrolled (巡逻) the sites, vandals would not be able to get in. Some experts say that if they fixed more television cameras, they would not need so many guards. Other experts say that the best solution is education. If people learned to respect history, they would not destroy or damage it. They would also want to spend money looking after old places. For this reason, the World Heritage Organization helps to spread information about the value of historic sites.
1. Why did countries all over the world unite to form the World Heritage Organization?
A. It would be able to keep our history.
B. It would be possible to take care of important historic places.
C. They would have money to do some repairs if a monument needed help.
D. All of the above.
2. Which of the following shows us the action of vandalism?
A. People enter the sites and destroy or damage the buildings.
B. Governments build high fences to protect the site from vandals.
C. Guards patrolled the sites and they fixed more television cameras.
D. They also spend money looking after old places.
3. What's the best way to solve the biggest problem of vandalism?
A. Every country spends more money looking after these places often.
B. To form the World Heritage Organization.
C. Too many guards are needed to prevent vandals getting in.
D. To make people know information about the value of historic sites.
① Looking after these places often costs more than one country can afford.
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② Stonehenge 英国南部索尔兹伯里附近的一组史前巨石柱群泰姬陵的英文怎么读，可上溯到公元前2000-1800年。
The kings of ancient Egypt planned strong tombs (坟墓) to keep their bodies safe after death and to hold their treasures (财宝) . The Great Pyramid was built thousands of years ago for a king called Khufu. It stands on the west bank of the Nile River not far from Cairo. In fact all the pyramids along the Nile are on its west bank. The ancient Egyptians compared the rising of the sun to the beginning of life and the setting of the sun to the end of life. This is why their dead bodies were buried (埋葬) on the west bank of the Nile.① The people of Mexico also built pyramids. They did not build the pyramids for tombs. They used to build a pyramid and then a temple on top of it. The pyramids of Mexico are not as high as the pyramids of Egypt, but they are big. Each of the pyramids has a wide stairway (阶梯) that goes from the bottom to the top.②
More pyramids were built in the Americas than in Egypt. About 90 pyramids are known to have stood in Egypt, while several hundred small pyramids are scattered (分散) across Central and South America. The biggest pyramid in Mexico is almost 2,000 years old. Scientists think it took 10,000 men more than ten years to build it. On the top they built a temple of the sun. The temple is no longer there but people still called it the Pyramid of the Sun. Near it is another huge pyramid, the Pyramid of the Moon.
1. In ancient Egypt pyramids were built____ .
A. for visitors to seeB. for kings to live in
C. as the kings tombs D. for king Khufu
2. All the pyramids along the Nile are on its west bank, because in ancient Egypt people thought ____.
A. they died in the west B. the sun sets in the west
C. the end of their lives was like the setting of the sun
D. they would go to the west after death
3. The pyramids in ancient Mexico were built____ .
A. for the kingsB. for the people
C. for wars D. for the gods
① This is why their dead bodies were buried on the west bank of the Nile.
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② Each of the pyramids has a wide stairway that goes from the bottom to the top.
The Taj Mahal (泰姬陵) is considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian architecture.① It is at Agra in northern India. It lies beside the River Jumna in the middle of gardens with quiet pools.
The Taj Mahal was built by the Mogul emperor (皇帝) Shah Jehan, who ruled India in the seventeenth century. It is in memory of his favorite wife, Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. The building, which was completed between 1632 and 1638, was designed by a local Muslim architect (建筑师) Ustad Ahmad Lahori. The whole building, with gardens and gateway structures, was completed in 1643. The Taj Mahal stands at one end of the garden tomb with marble (大理石) path. The room is softly lighted by the light that passes through double screens of carved marble set high in the walls. The building now is kept in good condition.②
The Taj Mahal took 22 years to build. Shah Jehan planned a similar building, but in black instead of white, to lie on the other side of the river. But before it could be built, Shah Jehan was imprisoned (监禁) by his son and buried next to his wife in the Taj Mahal.
1. The Taj Mahal was built for____ .
C. Either Mumtaz or Shah
D. Both Mumtaz and Shah
2. Why do you think Shah Jehan was buried next to his wife?
A. His own tomb hadn't been built.
B. He hoped to be buried there.
C. King and Queen should be buried together.
D. He liked Mumtaz all his life.
3. The passage mainly tells us____ .
A. why the Taj Mahal was built
B. the love story between Shah and Mumtaz
C. some information about the Taj Mahal
D. the Taj Mahal—the pride of Indians
4. Form the passage we can learn that____ .
A. the Taj Mahal looks more beautiful than before.
B. the Taj Mahal doesn't exist now.
C. the Taj Mahal has completely changed.
D. the Taj Mahal has become a place of interest.
① The Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian architecture.泰姬陵被认为是世界上最美丽
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② in good condition 处于良好的状况