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高考英语常用词汇分类:表方位的介词

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高考英语常用词汇分类可以帮助考生更好地记忆高考英语词汇并更好地运用,高中网校为大家整理了高考英语常用词汇分类解析,供大家参考,以下是《高考英语常用词汇分类:表方位的介词》。

高考英语常用词汇分类:表方位的介词

一、英语中表示方位的介词的用法:

1. at表示\"在......处\",一般指较小的比较具体的地点。如:

He isn\'t at school. He is at home. 他不在学校,他在家。

2. in表示\"在......内部;在......里面\"的意思。如:

What is in the box? 盒子里有什么?

3. on表示\"在某物的上面\",但两者互相接触。如:

My books are on that table. 我的书在那张桌子上。

4. under表示\"在某物垂直的正下方\",两者之间不接触。如

My cat is under my chair. 我的猫在我的椅子下。

5. behind表示\"在某物体的后面\"。如

The broom is behind the door. 笤帚在门后。

6. in front of表示\"在......的前面\"英语词汇分类和用法,正好与behind相反。如

a在我家房子前面有一棵大树 has a big tree in front of my family house [translate]。· i’m a student in a middle school. i want to tell you that our school has changed a lot . our school is much bigger than before. there also is a big garden now.and many trees and flowers are there. we can sit and relax ourselves there. 我是一个中学生。my hometown is not very big,but it is a very beautiful village.there are hills and trees around my hometown.there is also a small river near my hometown.i often swam in the river and caught fishes with my friendds when i was young.in the middle of the village ,there is a school.i had a happy school time there.from the begining of my childhood,the hometown is my favourite place.i am emotionally connected to this place.i love my hometown. how about you。

7. near表示\"在某物体的附近\",意为\"接近、靠近\"。如:

The ball is near the door. 球在门旁边。

介词in, on, under, behind是表示静态位置的介词

二、表示地理方位的介词的用法:

1. in表示A地在B地范围之内。如:

Taiwan is in the southeast of China.

2. to表示A地在B地范围之外英语词汇分类和用法,即二者之间有距离间隔。如:

Japan lies to the east of China.

3. on表示A地与B地接壤、毗邻。如:

North Korea is on the east of China.

4. off表示“离……一些距离或离……不远的海上”。如:

They arrived at a house off the main road.

New Zealand lies off the eastern coast of Australia

(一) in the east表示我们生活中和地理位置上的绝对方向,如

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

(二)on the east 表示某事物位于另一事物所朝的方向,这里的方向指相对

方向

China faces the Pacific on the east.

(三)in\to\on\at the east of

1 A在B范围之内,要表示A在B的东部,用 A is in the east of B

2 A在B范围之外,要表示A在B的东方,用A lies to the east of B

3 A与B相接,要表示A在B的东侧,用A is on the east of B

4 如果把方位词看作一个整体,或者看成一点,,就用 A is at the east

of B,如:there was a big battle at the north of the liaodong

eninsula. 在辽东半岛的北边有一场一大战

5 如果表示A位于B东面100公里处,既可以说A lies 100km to the

east of B,又可以说A lies 100km east of B

(四)要表示方位"偏向"通常用by

正南偏东:south by east.

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